Body conditioning is an integral part of any Muay Thai training. Fighters must be able to sustain blows to all parts of the body, be agile and powerful enough to deliver blows and throws. Muay Thai training will remodel parts of the body such as the shins and forearms so that they are unusually strengthened as defensive armor. This cortical remodeling is done by hours of work kicking and striking heavy bags.
Daily training includes running, rope jumping, abdominal exercises shadow boxing and sometimes weight training.
A practice unique to Muay training is the wearing and the use of Thai Pads. Trainers wear thick pads to their forearms, hands and torso so that fighters can refine their kicks, knee and elbow strikes as well as punches in a live situation.
Focus mitts are smaller and lighter and worn on the hands. In Muay Thai training they are used specifically to perfect fast combination punches, hand reaction, speed and power.
Sparring is also used but fighters are not encouraged to fight hard when sparring. Sparring is used mainly to refine specific tactics, maneuvers and strategies in the ring.
Thai boxers will train for many hours every day to achieve and maintain both the levels of fitness and technique required. Many train from as early as six years old and begin fighting from the age of 8 to 10 years old. They will often have notched up a staggering 150 fights by the time they are 24 years old. Muaythai boxing careers are usually quite short.